Phoenix has a history that includes pioneers, immigrants, and some colorful as the ancient peoples. It is difficult to describe the history, which includes the Heard Museum as well as the Pueblo, Grand Museum, and the Archaeological Park.
Around 1450 A.D, the Hohokam people lived in what is currently known as the Greater Phoenix area. They developed a canal system that is still being used and managed to establish the first major urban civilization in the Salt River Valley. The United States Government In developed Fort McDowell in Phoenix in 1865, and pioneers the U.S. government established Fort McDowell in Phoenix here, and on pioneer named Jack Swilling started farming his land.
In the year 1868 the settlement of Phoenix was established. Then some two years later in 1869 the first census and survey for the community was conducted. At that time Phoenix was one half mile wide, and approximately one mile long. There were some 72 structures and the community had a population of 250 people. These days, the Greater Phoenix has a population of over four million people and its area covers approximately 2,000 square miles.
For numerous years any of the communities in the easternmost portion of the nation were very busy clearing the wilderness. A civilized community that was very well established which was located in what is currently known as Phoenix. Evidence of the ancient past of Phoenix is the ruins of the Pueblo Grande, which were inhabited from 700 A.D. through 1400 A.D.
Although, there wasn't much in the way of melting snow or rain, on either side, of the Salt River flowed in the Sun Valley.
The prior residents were industrious, imaginative, and enterprising. They constructed an irrigation canal that was comprised of some 135 miles of canals, and the land, which resulted in the land becoming fertile. However, it is an ongoing mystery as to what happened to these ancient people. Many historians believe that this society was destroyed by a prolonged drought. Nomadic roving Indian tribes observed the huge canal system that their predecessors left behind in addition to the ruins of the Pueblo Grande, convinced them to name this location that translates into the people who have gone.
The modern history of Phoenix starts during the second half of the 1800's. A man named Jack Swilling, who was a native of Wickenburg at the foot of the northern slopes of the Mountains of White Tank in order to allow his horse to rest in 1867. What he saw across the very large Salt River Valley and he also saw the bright gleam of the dry, brown, soil that was churned up by the hooves of his horse. He saw a land that was mostly free from rocks that would make great farm land, which at was located in a place beyond the reach of snow or heavy frost. Water was all that this land required.
When Mr. Swilling returned to Wickenburg, he established the Swilling Irrigation Canal Company, and relocated into the Valley. Then, the company started dredging a canal in order to change the course of some of the Salt River water onto the valley lands. Water was flowing in the canal by 1868 and some of the company members raised some paltry crops that summer.
Numerous years prior to any of the communities in the easternmost portion part of the nation, worked hard in order to clear the wilderness, in a civilized and well established, community that lived on the land that is currently known as Phoenix.
The Salt River ran in the Valley of the Sun, although there wasn't any rain and no melting snow to wet the brown earth from river to mountain range on either side.
Those previous residents were imaginative, enterprising, and industrious. They constructed a system of irrigation that was comprised primarily of some 135 miles of canals and the land became fertile. However, what happened of this ancient society is a mystery.
The accepted belief is that it was destroyed by a prolonged drought. Roving Indians, observed the ruins of the Pueblo Grande, and the extremely large canal system. The modern history of Phoenix begins in the second half of the 19th century. In 1867, a man named Jack Swilling, who was native of Wickenburg stopped to allow his horse to rest at the foot of the northern slopes on the Mountains of White Tank. Mr. Swilling gazed across and down at the extremely large Salt River Valley and the also saw the bright gleam of the dry, brown, fertile soil that was churned up by the hooves of his horse. He also viewed land that was indeed farm land, which was mostly free of rocks, and in a place beyond the reach of snow or heavy frost or snow. Water was the only thing that this land needed.
Mr. Swilling established the Swilling Irrigation Canal Company and relocated to the valley after he returned to Wickenburg. That same year, his company started digging a canal in order to divert much water in the Salt River onto the lands in the Valley. Water started flowing in the canal by 1868, and that summer, some of the company grew some paltry crops.
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