The community of Wickenburg is mainly located in the County of Maricopa, with part of it in the nearby in the County of Yavapai. The population of Wickenburg was 6,363 people according to the census that was taken in 2010.
As much of the American southwest, in 1848, the Wickenburg region of the U.S. by the treaty ended the Mexican-American War. The Gila Rangers conducted the first extensive survey. Rangers who were chasing the hostile Native Indians, who had attacked the minors in Gila City and had also, attacked the Butterfield Overland Mail route. Old Goal was discovered (AgOL). In, 1862, on the Colorado River in what is currently known as Yuma
Yuma brought American prospectors, who searched for minerals throughout central Arizona. A German man whose name was Henry Wickenburg was one of the very first prospectors. Mr. Wickenburg was well rewarded with the discovery of the Vulture Mine, from which more than $30 milion worth of gold has been found.
It wasn't long before farmers and ranchers and farmers began construction their homes next to the rich plains of the Hassayampa River. In 1863, Mr. Wickenburg along with some established the settlement of Wickenburg. The settlement of Wickenburg was also the home of a man named Jack Swilling, who, in 1867, prospected in the Salt River Valley. The majority of Mr. Swilling time was spent the on irrigation efforts in that area and helped to establish the community of Phoenix, Arizona.
Conflicts started developing developed with the Yavapai Native Indians because they rejected a treaty that been signed by their chiefs, effectively breaking the treaty. In 1861, when the Civil War started the communities were left unprotected because the Federal troops were all withdrawn.
It wasn't long before the Yavapai Indian tribe started a prolonged series of attacks on the white Pioneers. Some of the Confederate cavalry soldiers brought temporary relief, although that relief disappeared until an advance of Union troops from California arrived. Approximately 1,000 Yavapai Indian tribes and some 400 white pioneers had been killed, by 1869, with many on both sides leaving the areas for safer regions. After war ended, some of the local volunteers as well as Union troops forced the Yavapai Indians onto a reservation.
However, Yavapai recipients remained for years, and attacks on stagecoaches, houses, and frequent attacks on villages kept the area in a continually state of fear. After numerous murders of Yavapai chiefs joined together with America. However, the insurgent Yavapai warriors, and some very unfriendly tribal leaders sent their entire Yavapai Indian warrior band into a massive assault on the settlement of Wickenburg and killed or drove out much of the American populace.
In 1872, in response to the killing of some of friendly Yavapai India chiefs, the entire Yavapai Indian reservation and their nation were still hostile, and with the majority of the American regions under continuous attacks raids by the bands of Yavapai Native Indian warrior, a General named George Crook started an full blown campaign against the Yavapai Indian tribe, with the goal of forcing the insurgent bands of Yavapai Indians warriors into a decisive battle and the removal of Yavapai Indian tribe from the white pioneer from American territory. Following months of skirmishes, feints, and forced marches, and combined Arizona United Stated Army Cavalry as well as the territorial militia General Crook forced the band of Indians Yavapai Indians into one battle. In the superstition Mountains, the Battle of Salt River Canyon decisively routed the Yavapai in 1872, and within a year the majority of the Yavapai Indian resistance was defeated.
The majority of the allied a friendly Yavapai Indian chiefs were killed by the insurgent Yavapai Indians, who also killed American soldiers That had already broken their treaty with Americans. General Crook had the authorization to negotiate with the Yavapai Indians with the goal of removing it to a region that was cordoned off from American communities and their communication lines. The surviving Yavapai Indian warrior leaders grudgingly agreed to the treaty had left the Indian nation in much worse conditions than they were before.
They had no choice, and had to trade firmly emplaced in the hands of American government agents, and be regulated by an Indian Police force picked and trained by the U.S. Army and later Arizona Territorial officers and they simply to give up their firearms, relocate to the Fort Verde Reservation, agree to allow a permanent Army garrison on their territory, have trade firmly emplaced in the hands of American government agents, and be regulated by an Indian Police force picked and trained by the US Army and later by some Arizona Territorial officers, have trade firmly emplaced in the hands of American government agents, and be regulated by an Indian Police force selected and trained by the U.S. Army and later Arizona Territorial officers.
However, following two years on the Rio Verde Reservation, the local officials became grew about the continued hostility of the Yavapai Indians self sufficiency and success. Therefore, they convinced the federal government to close their reservation and relocate all the Yavapai Indians to the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation.