A United States an Army Chaplain named Winfield Scott arrived in the Salt River Valley. The Chaplin was so impressed with opportunists that it offered, that made a down payment on some 640 acres to begin farming operation in 1888. The Chaplin's purchase was close to the middle of what is currently known as downtown Scottsdale.
Scottsdale's beautiful scenery, irrigated desert location, and a great climate, irrigated desert location influenced its original settlement. Many people relocated to the community of Scottsdale to improve their health, although, the primary attraction was agriculture. Several of the initial white pioneers were recruited by the Chaplin from the Midwest and East, had an appreciation for cultural activities and were very educated. In 1896, these early white pioneers established the public school system in Scottsdale in 1896.
The original homestead that the Chaplin owned was located next to the new Arizona Canal. During the early 1900's, the white pioneers also provided support for burgeoning writers and artists. They also promoted the as well as Scottsdale's association with the earliest regional resorts, such as the Jokake Inn, and the Ingleside Inn.
In 1908, the building of the Granite Reef Dam and in 1911 the Roosevelt Dam, converted the Salt River Valley and permitted Scottsdale to share in the ever increasing population boom. From 1908 through 1933 the community of Scottsdale grew steadily but as a small market community that provided services for families who were involved in the agricultural industry.
During the Great Depression Scottsdale experienced the arrival of architects and artists, which included the renowned Frank Lloyd Wright. Mr. and Mrs. Wright bought some 600 desert acres in the foothills of the McDowell Mountain Range.
In 1942, during WW II, Scottsdale experienced the opening of Thunderbird II Airfield. Some 5,500 cadets pilots and were awarded their main flight training prior to the war. Scottsdale was also the home of a German prisoner of war camp.
The Scottsdale Chamber of Commerce was established in 1947. The leaders of Scottsdale made a concerted effort to advertise a special identity, which was combined with the Old West. This was a tourist attraction, as well as reflection of the roots of the roots of Scottsdale.
Motorola opened a manufacturing plant close the western edge of Scottsdale's western border, in 1950. This signaled the start an industry of advanced technology that is continually growing. Another manufacturing plant was opened by Motorola, in 1956 in Scottsdale that was located on McDowell Road.
Scottsdale had a population of around some 2,000 people by 1951. These residents reside in a region that had of less than one square mile. That same year brought the incorporation of Scottsdale. The first appointed mayor was a man Malcolm White.
In the 1950's, the community grew rather rapidly. Scottsdale had an area of around five square miles, and a population of over 10,000 people, by 1960. Also, in that that same year the residents of Scottsdale started the yearly Parada del Sol celebration, which brought the Baltimore Orioles to the community of Scottsdale for their first spring training season. They also established the first All Arabian Horse Show.
By the late 1960's, the population of Scottsdale's increased to almost 68,000 people and the land area also increased to some to 62 square miles. During the same year, Scottsdale rejected federal plans for a ditch that was lined with concrete. The reason for this concrete lined ditch was to reduce the floodwaters.
During the 1960's there was even more growth in the land area as well as in the population. As Scottsdale pushed northwardly and experienced many building booms, into the high Sonoran Desert. The population of the community of Scottsdale the population increased to over 88,000, people. The population Scottsdale had increased again to over 130,000 people by 1990.
The tourist industry was also booming. There were new resorts being established next to the Scottsdale Road corridor as well as farther north. These days, Scottsdale Seasonal events attracts over six million tourists yearly
With the McCormick Ranch in Scottsdale the community experiences huge increase in development starting in the early 1970's, with the development of a series of mastered planned communities. Some of these communities include the DC Ranch, the McDowell Ranch, the Gainey Ranch, as well as the Scottsdale Ranch.
The Scottsdale Airpark, which is surrounded by the community's airport, which became very attractive to many small and large and businesses that range from luxury automobile sales to light industry. to luxury auto sales. During the 2000', the Airpark became one of the top employment centers in the Phoenix metropolitan area.
In the downtown area a thriving gallery district grew up. This was complemented by an influx of nightclubs, lounger, and restaurants.
Scottsdale has become a study in contrasts, where visitors and residents alike can go horseback riding through the beautiful Arizona desert in the morning and then go to one of the best contemporary art museums in the nation. Scottsdale is currently one of the 100 largest comminutes in the country. However, it still maintains its Western heritage.